The CTRC is a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center, and addresses pre-competitive, longer-term research and development issues in the area of high-performance heat removal from compact spaces. The agenda for the Center is set on a yearly basis with research projects identified through a ranking by all members. Regular updates on the work are made available to members through a restricted-access web page. The Center meets twice a year to review progress and choose upcoming projects.

One of the distinctive features of CTRC is that the research agenda is set by the members—each member has a strong input in the research directions adopted. Since members are from diverse industries, beneficial cross-industry interactions are common. A product-oriented focus is maintained. Equipment manufacturers are included amongst the participants, and this facilitates a translation of research ideas and prototypes into products.

Link to the Cooling Technologies Research Center Web site

The following collection of documents represents research from the Cooling Technologies Research Center and related work by Dr. Suresh Garimella and his students.

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Manuscripts from 2008

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Permeability and Thermal Transport in Compressed Open-Celled Foams, Ravi Annapragada, S V. Garimella, and Jayathi Y. Murthy

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Analysis and Suppression of Base Separation in the Casting of a Cylindrical Ingot, Ravi Annapragada, Dawei Sun, and S V. Garimella

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Electrothermal Bonding of Carbon Nanotubes to Glass, Sriharsha Aradhya, S V. Garimella, and Timothy Fisher

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Energy Minimization-Based Analysis of Electrowetting for Microelectronics Cooling Applications, Vaibhav Bahadur and S V. Garimella

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannel Cold Plate Evaporators for Electronics Cooling, S. S. Bertsch, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

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Refrigerant Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Parallel Microchannels as a Function of Local Vapor Quality, Stefan Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Review and Comparative Analysis of Studies on Saturated Flow Boiling in Small Channels,, Stefan Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Effects of Heat Flux, Mass Flux, Vapor Quality, and Saturation Temperature on Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels, Stefan S. Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Visualization of Convection Patterns Near an Evaporating Meniscus using micro-PIV, Pramod Chamarthy, Hemanth Dhavaleswarapu, S V. Garimella, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and Steven Wereley

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Thermal Resistance Measurement across a Wick Structure using a Novel Thermosyphon Test Chamber, T. W. Davis and S V. Garimella

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A Mathematical Model for Analyzing the Thermal Characteristics of a Flat Micro Heat Pipe with a Grooved Wick, K H. Do, S J. Kim, and S V. Garimella

Thermal Challenges in Next-Generation Electronic Systems, S V. Garimella, A. S. Fleisher, J. Y. Murthy, A. Keshavarzi, R. Prasher, C. Patel, S Bhavnani, R Venkatasubramanian, R Mahajan, Y Joshi, B Sammakia, B A. Myers, L Chorosinski, M Baelmans, P Sathyamurthy, and P Raad

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Enhancement of External Forced Convection by Ionic Wind, David Go, Raul A. Maturana, Timothy Fisher, and S V. Garimella

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Microchannel Size Effects on Local Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to a Dielectric Fluid, Tannaz Harirchian and S V. Garimella

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Flow Patterns During Convective Boiling in Microchannels, T. Harirchian and S V. Garimella

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Recent Advances in Microscale Pumping Technologies: A Review and Evaluation, Brian D. Iverson and S V. Garimella

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Infrared Micro-Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and Predictions of Flow Distribution in a Microchannel Heat Sink, Benjamin Jones, Poh-Seng Lee, and S V. Garimella

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Simulation of Thermal Transport in Open-Cell Metal Foams: Effect of Periodic Unit Cell Structure, S. Krishnan, S V. Garimella, and J. Y. Murthy

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Electrical Actuation of Dielectric Droplets, Niru Kumari, Vaibhav Bahadur, and S V. Garimella

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Electrical Actuation of Electrically Conducting and Insulating Droplets using AC and DC Voltages, Niru Kumari, Vaibhav Bahadur, and S V. Garimella

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Saturated Flow Boiling Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Silicon Microchannel Arrays, Poh-Seng Lee and S V. Garimella

Experimental Evaluation of a Miniature Rotary Compressor for Application in Electronics Cooling, A. A. Sathe, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

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Analytical Model for an Electrostatically Actuated Miniature Diaphragm Compressor, Abhijit A. Sathe, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Microfluidic Delivery of Small Molecules into Mammalian Cells Based on Hydrodynamic Focusing, F Wang, H Wang, J Wang, H.-Y. Wang, P L. Rummel, S V. Garimella, and C Lu

An Analytical Solution for the Total Heat Transfer in the Thin-Film Region of an Evaporating Meniscus, Hao Wang, S V. Garimella, and Jayathi Y. Murthy

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Transport from a Volatile Meniscus Inside an Open Microtube, Hao Wang, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2007

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Characterization and Optimization of the Thermal Performance of Miniature Piezoelectric Fans, Tolga Acikalin, S V. Garimella, Arvind Raman, and James Petroski

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Prediction of Effective Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Particulate Composites, S R. Annapragada, D Sun, and S V. Garimella

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Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to a Dielectric Coolant in a Microchannel Heat Sink, T. Chen and S V. Garimella

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Thermocapillary Convection Near an Evaporating Meniscus, H. K. Dhavaleswarapu, P. Chamarthy, S V. Garimella, J. Y. Murthy, and S. T. Wereley

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Experimental investigation of steady buoyant-thermocapillaryconvection near an evaporating meniscus, H. K. Dhavaleswarapu, Pramod Chamarthy, S V. Garimella, and Jayathy Y. Murthy

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Ionic Winds for Locally Enhanced Cooling, David B. Go, S V. Garimella, Timothy Fisher, and R. K. Mongia

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Heat and Mass Transport in Heat Pipe Wick Structures, B. D. Iverson, T. W. Davis, S V. Garimella, M. T. North, and S. Kang

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Local Heat Transfer Coefficients Under Flows Induced by Vibrating Cantilevers, M. Kimber and S V. Garimella

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Local Heat Transfer Coefficients Induced by Piezoelectrically Actuated Vibrating Cantilevers, M. Kimber, S V. Garimella, and A. Raman

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Towards a Thermal Moore’s Law, Shankar Krishnan, S V. Garimella, Gregory M. Chrysler, and Ravi V. Mahajan

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Analysis of Solid-Liquid Phase Change under Pulsed Heating, S. Krishnan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels, D. Liu and S V. Garimella

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Induction electrohydrodynamics micropump forhigh heat flux cooling, Vishal Singhal and S V. Garimella

Analysis of Gap Formation in the Casting of Energetic Materials, D. Sun, S. R. Annapragada, S V. Garimella, and S. K. Singh

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Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Solidification Shrinkage, D. Sun and S V. Garimella

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Piezoelectric Fans using Higher Flexural Modes for Electronics Cooling Applications, Sydney M. Wait, Sudipta Basak, S V. Garimella, and Arvind Raman

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Characteristics of an Evaporating Thin Film in a Microchannel, Hao Wang, S V. Garimella, and Jayathy Y. Murthy

Manuscripts from 2006

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Energy-Based Model for Electrowetting-Induced Droplet Actuation, V. Bahadur and S V. Garimella

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Hydrodynamic Loading of Microcantilevers Vibrating in Viscous Fluids, Sudipta Basak, Arvind Raman, and S V. Garimella

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Characterization of Rough Engineering Surfaces for Use in Thermal Contact Conductance Modeling, A. F. Black and S V. Garimella

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Measurements and high-speed visualizations of flow boilingof a dielectric fluid in a silicon microchannel heat sink, Tailian Chen and S V. Garimella

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Effects of Dissolved Air on Subcooled Flow Boiling of a Dielectric Coolant in a Microchannel Heat Sink, T. Chen and S V. Garimella

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Subcooled Boiling Incipience on a Highly Smooth Microheater, T. Chen, J. F. Klausner, S V. Garimella, and J. N. Chung

On-Chip Thermal ManagementWith Microchannel Heat Sinksand Integrated Micropumps, S V. Garimella, Vishal Singhal, and Dong Liu

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Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Melting in a Cylinder, B Jones, D Sun, S Krishnan, and S V. Garimella

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Direct Simulation of Transport in Open-Cell Metal Foams, S. Krishnan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Thermally Developing Flow and Heat Transfer in Rectangular Microchannels of Different Aspect Ratios, Poh-Seng Lee and S V. Garimella

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Analysis and Prediction of Constriction Resistance between Coated Surfaces, C. T. Merril and S V. Garimella

Performance Analysis of a Miniature-Scale Vapor Compression System For Electronics Cooling: Bread Board Setup, S. Trutassanawin, L. Cremaschi, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

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Experimental Investigation of a Miniature-Scale Refrigeration System for Electronics Cooling, S. Trutassanawin, E. A. Groll, S V. Garimella, and L Cremaschi

Experimental Investigation of a Miniature-ScaleRefrigeration System for Electronics Cooling, Suwat Trutassanawin, Eckhard A. Groll, S V. Garimella, and Lorenzo Cremaschi

Microbubble Return Phenomena During Subcooled Boiling on Small Wires, H Wang, X. F. Peng, S V. Garimella, and D. Christopher

Manuscripts from 2005

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Dynamic Response Optimization of Piezoelectrically Excited Thin Resonant Beams, S. Basak, A. Raman, and S V. Garimella

Subcooled boiling incipience on a highly smooth microheater, Tailian Chen, James F. Klausner, S V. Garimella, and Jacob N. Chung

Advances In Mesoscale Thermal Management Technologies for Microelectronics, S V. Garimella

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A Novel Hybrid Heat Sink using Phase Change Materials for Transient Thermal Management of Electronics, Shankar Krishnan, S V. Garimella, and S. S. Kang

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A Two-Temperature Model for Solid/Liquid Phase Change in Metal Foams, S. Krishnan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Investigation of Heat Transfer in Rectangular Microchannels, Poh-Seng Lee, S V. Garimella, and Dong Liu

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Nucleate Boiling in Microchannels, D. Liu, P.S. Lee, and S V. Garimella

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Analysis and Optimization of the Thermal Performance of Microchannel Heat Sinks, Dong Liu and S V. Garimella

Analysis and optimizationof the thermal performance ofmicrochannel heat sinks, Dong Liu and S V. Garimella

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Infrared Micro-Particle Image Velocimetry Measurement in Silicon-Based Microdevices, Dong Liu, S V. Garimella, and Steve Wereley

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Prediction of the Onset of Nucleate Boiling in Microchannel Flow, Dong Liu, Poh-Seng Lee, and S V. Garimella

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Low-Voltage Ionization of Air with Carbon-Based Materials, M. S. Peterson, W. Zhang, T. S. Fisher, and S V. Garimella

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Influence of Bulk Fluid Velocity on the Efficiency of Electrohydrodynamic Pumping, V. Singhal and S V. Garimella

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A Novel Valveless Micropump WithElectrohydrodynamic Enhancement for HighHeat Flux Cooling, Vishal Singhal and S V. Garimella

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An Experimentally Validated Thermo-mechanical Model for the Prediction of Thermal Contact Conductance, Vishal Singhal, Paul J. Litke, Anthony F. Black, and S V. Garimella

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Jet Flows around Microbubbles in Subcooled Boiling, H. Wang, X. F. Peng, D. M. Christopher, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2004

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Experimental Investigation of the Thermal Performance of Piezoelectric Fans, Tolga Acikalin, Sydney M. Wait, S V. Garimella, and Arvind Raman

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Analysis and Prediction of Constriction Resistance for Contact Between Rough Engineering Surfaces, A. F. Black, V. Singhal, and S V. Garimella

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Single-Phase Flow and Heat Transport and Pumping Considerations in Microchannel Heat Sinks, S V. Garimella and Vishal Singhal

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Analysis of a Phase Change Energy Storage System for Pulsed Power Dissipation, S Krishnan and S V. Garimella

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Thermal Management of Transient Power Spikes in Electronics - Phase Change Energy Storage or Copper Heat Sinks?, S. Krishnan and S V. Garimella

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A Two-Temperature Model for the Analysis of Passive Thermal Control Systems, S. Krishnan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Investigation of Liquid Flow in Microchannels, D. Liu and S V. Garimella

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Microscale Pumping Technologies for Microchannel Cooling Systems, V. Singhal, S V. Garimella, and A. Raman

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Low Reynolds Number Flow Through Nozzle-Diffuser Elements in Valveless Micropumps, Vishal Singhal, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

Optimization of Thermal Interface Materials forElectronics Cooling Applications, Vishal Singhal, Thomas Siegmund, and S V. Garimella

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Optimization of Thermal Interface Materials for Electronics Cooling Applications, V. Singhal, Thomas Siegmund, and Suresh V. Garimella

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Transport in Flat Heat Pipes at High Heat Fluxes from Multiple Discrete Sources, U. Vadakkan, S V. Garimella, and J. Y. Murthy

Simulation of ion generation and breakdown in atmospheric air, W. Zhang, T. S. Fisher, and S V. Garimella

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Simulation of Ion Generation and Breakdown in Atmospheric Air, W. Zhang, T. S. Fisher, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2003

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Dynamics and Topology Optimization of Piezoelectric Fans, P Buermann, Arvind Raman, and S V. Garimella

Thermal challenges in next generation electronic systems, Yogendra Joshi and S V. Garimella

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A Fixed-Grid Front-Tracking Algorithm for Solidification Problems. Part I - Method and Validation, C. Y. Li, S V. Garimella, and J E. Simpson