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Abstract

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a safety tool that aids in the identification and analysis of organizational factors that contribute to aircraft accidents. By using the HFACS model, safety investigators can better understand the existing conditions that contribute to accidents, which then allows for the development and implementation of safety programs to prevent these conditions. In this study, the HFACS framework was utilized to identify the human factors that contributed to the Asiana Airlines flight 214 accident that occurred on July 6, 2013. The results of this study indicate that inadequate pilot training, lack of upper-level supervision, and recurring deviation from standard operating procedures (SOPs) largely contributed to this accident. These findings emphasize the various organizational levels that serve a role in aviation accidents, highlighting the importance of practicing a proactive approach to safety and mitigating hazards within the upper levels of an organization before they lead to disaster on the front line.

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