In the late 18th to mid-19th centuries, hundreds of white settlers were taken captive by Native American groups across the Old Northwest Territory. Reasons for their capture varied from revenge to adoption, however, the treatment they received greatly depended on the captive’s gender. While females were more likely to be kept alive and better-taken care of, males faced a greater probability of facing violence or even death, though torture was common among both groups. Many captives undertook participatory roles within their respective captive communities, with some deciding to assimilate completely into a new way of life. Captivity narratives that were penned as a result of these experiences demonstrate how survivors viewed their time in captivity and how it influenced their earlier perceptions of Native Americans.
Lugo, Analucia. "The Experience of White Captives Among the Natives of the Old Northwest Territory between 1770 and 1850." The Purdue Historian 10, 1 (2022). https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/puhistorian/vol10/iss1/7