Date of Award

January 2015

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Aviation and Transportation Technology

First Advisor

Thomas Q Carney

Committee Member 1

Richard O Fanjoy

Committee Member 2

Sarah Hubbard

Committee Member 3

James P Greenan


During the past ten years, there have been 264 aircraft accidents identified as Visual Flight Rules (VFR) into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC). These accidents have a nearly 90% fatality rate and hundreds of people have been fatally injured (ASI, 2014a). The general aviation community, including the Federal Aviation Administration, has called for measures to reduce the accident rate. To accomplish this goal, data analyses, education and training, and collaboration are recommended practices. This research study sought to examine the effectiveness of two training protocols as well as pilot knowledge, skills, and abilities pertaining to VFR into IMC. Data were collected at two sites, the William J. Hughes Technical Center (FAA Technical Center) located in Atlantic City, New Jersey and Purdue University located in West Lafayette, Indiana. Participants were recruited from the surrounding areas of each location.