Formation of the ST12 phase in nanocrystalline Ge at ambient pressure

Suk Jun Kim, Purdue University - Main Campus
Ong Khac Quy, Purdue University - Main Campus
Ling-Shao Chang, Purdue University - Main Campus
E A. Stach, Birck Nanotechnology Center and School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University
Carol A. Handwerker, Purdue University - Main Campus
Alexander Wei, Purdue University

Date of this Version



Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2010, 20, 331-337

This document has been peer-reviewed.



Amorphous nanophase germanium can crystallize into a high-energy tetragonal phase (Ge-III/ST12) upon thermal annealing, particularly when prepared by the naphthalide-mediated reduction of GeCl4 and subsequent treatment with t-BuMgCl. The formation of ST12-Ge is typically associated with high pressure, yet the nucleation and coalescence of this phase can be observed by in situ transmission electron microscopy at low pressure and at temperatures well below 200 degrees C, and can persist at temperatures of up to 500 degrees C. The low coalescence temperature of nanophase ST12-Ge suggests its compatibility with applications in direct-print electronics.


Engineering | Nanoscience and Nanotechnology