INDOT initiated a study to investigate Performance Based Contracting of maintenance operations. One of the main impetus for the study is that INDOT started a ten year road building program called Major Moves that will add over a 1900 lane miles to the current network. With this addition and coupled with a trend of reduction in maintenance personnel, INDOT is planning how maintenance will be performed. One viable option is the use of performance based contracting (PBC). This study has evaluated many aspects of PBC and the current INDOT maintenance program. Study specifics included:

* Investigated foreign agencies PBC programs.

* Evaluated cost data

* Interviewed and analyzed three state agencies that use PBC, Virginia, Florida, and North Carolina. Other states studied included: South Carolina, Oklahoma, Massachusetts, and Texas.

* Evaluated contracting options and the Indiana contracting community.

* Investigated and defined the activities that are better performed In-House, and those that, potentially, could be privatized.

* Define the requirements for creating, contracting, monitoring, and managing a PBC system at INDOT.

* Develop an understanding and a plan for INDOT maintenance that includes the added capacity from Major Moves over the next 10 years.

* Analyze, define, and describe risk factors (e.g. contractor protection from 3rd party lawsuits).

* Developed guidelines for INDOT that objectively states the facts learned from analyzing PBC.

* Describe maintenance options that could include PBC , expanding subcontracts, and INDOT Maintenance forces.

* Described how other state agencies calculate overhead costs and apply to maintenance costs.

* Description of Level of Service (LOS) programs developed and used by other state agencies.

PBC is being used extensively in some states while other states have tried and backed away for various reasons which are explained in the report. Due to higher costs experienced with PBC and the fact that long term contracts lock in prices leaving agencies with no flexibility to reduce during economic downturns; the report is not recommending PBC to INDOT. What is recommended is that INDOT should: establish a LOS program; develop and test snow and ice removal subcontracts; and further develop a hybrid maintenance program where private contracts are used to supplement INDOT maintenance force.

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maintenance, contracting, contracts, privatization, SPR-3130

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Performing Organization

Joint Transportation Research Program

Publisher Place

West Lafayette, Indiana

Date of this Version