Kong, Z., & Lu, N. (2023). Determining optimal traffic opening time through concrete strength monitoring: Wireless sensing (Joint Transportation Research Program Publication No. FHWA/IN/JTRP-2023/05). West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University. https://doi.org/10.5703/1288284317613
Construction and concrete production are time-sensitive and fast-paced; as such, it is crucial to monitor the in-place strength development of concrete structures in real-time. Existing concrete strength testing methods, such as the traditional hydraulic compression method specified by ASTM C 39 and the maturity method specified by ASTM C 1074, are labor-intensive, time consuming, and difficult to implement in the field. INDOT’s previous research (SPR-4210) on the electromechanical impedance (EMI) technique has established its feasibility for monitoring in-situ concrete strength to determine the optimal traffic opening time. However, limitations of the data acquisition and communication systems have significantly hindered the technology’s adoption for practical applications. Furthermore, the packaging of piezoelectric sensor needs to be improved to enable robust performance and better signal quality.
In this project, a wireless concrete sensor with a data transmission system was developed. It was comprised of an innovated EMI sensor and miniaturized datalogger with both wireless transmission and USB module. A cloud-based platform for data storage and computation was established, which provides the real time data visualization access to general users and data access to machine learning and data mining developers. Furthermore, field implementations were performed to prove the functionality of the innovated EMI sensor and wireless sensing system for real-time and in-place concrete strength monitoring. This project will benefit the DOTs in areas like construction, operation, and maintenance scheduling and asset management by delivering applicable concrete strength monitoring solutions.
concrete, sensor, piezoelectric, electromechanical impedance, EMI, open traffic, sensing traffic opening, strength, sensing, non-destructive testing, NDT, wireless, database, Internet of Things, IoT
Joint Transportation Research Program
INDOT Department of Transportation
West Lafayette, Indiana
Date of this Version