This research considers the detection, location, and classification of patches in concrete and asphalt-on-concrete pavements using data taken from ground penetrating radar (GPR) and the WayLink 3D Imaging System. In particular, the project seeks to develop a patching table for “inverted-T” patches. A number of deep neural net methods were investigated for patch detection from 3D elevation and image observation, but the success was inconclusive, partly because of a dearth of training data. Later, a method based on thresholding IRI values computed on a 12-foot window was used to localize pavement distress, particularly as seen by patch settling. This method was far more promising. In addition, algorithms were developed for segmentation of the GPR data and for classification of the ambient pavement and the locations and types of patches found in it. The results so far are promising but far from perfect, with a relatively high rate of false alarms. The two project parts were combined to produce a fused patching table. Several hundred miles of data was captured with the Waylink System to compare with a much more limited GPR dataset. The primary dataset was captured on I-74. A software application for MATLAB has been written to aid in automation of patch table creation.

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pavement, pavement patching, ground penetrating radar, three-dimensional imaging, patching table

SPR Number


Performing Organization

Joint Transportation Research Program

Publisher Place

West Lafayette, IN

Date of this Version