Recommended CitationSalgado, R., and Y. Zhang. Use of Pile Driving Analysis for Assessment of Axial Load Capacity of Piles. Publication FHWA/IN/JTRP-2012/11. Joint Transportation Research Program, Indiana Department of Transportation and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5703/1288284314671
Driven piles are commonly used in foundation engineering. Pile driving formulae, which directly relate the pile set per blow to the capacity of the pile, are commonly used to decide whether an installed pile will have the designed capacity. However, existing formulae have been proposed based on empirical observations and have not been validated scientifically, so some might over-predict pile capacity, while others may be too conservative. In this report, a more advanced and realistic model developed at Purdue University for dynamic pile driving analysis was used to develop more accurate pile driving formulae. These formulae are derived for piles installed in typical soil profiles: a floating pile in sand, an end-bearing pile in sand, a floating pile in clay, an end-bearing pile in clay and a pile crossing a normally consolidated clay layer and resting on a dense sand layer. The proposed driving formulae are validated through well documented case histories of driven piles. Comparison of the predictions from the proposed formulae with the results from static load tests, dynamic load tests and conventional formulae show that they produce reasonably accurate predictions of pile capacity based on pile set observations.
Pile design, numerical modeling, pile dynamics, dynamic analysis, pile driving formula, pile analysis, pile bearing capacity.
Joint Transportation Research Program
Indiana Department of Transportation
West Lafayette, Indiana
Date of this Version