Several studies have confirmed that the gaze velocity of the human eye can be utilized as a behavioral biometric or personalized biomarker. In this study, we leverage the local feature representation capacity of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for eye gaze velocity analysis as the basis for biometric identification of radiologists performing breast cancer screening. Using gaze data collected from 10 radiologists reading 100 mammograms of various diagnoses, we compared the performance of a CNN-based classification algorithm with two deep learning classifiers, deep neural network and deep belief network, and a previously presented hidden Markov model classifier. The study showed that the CNN classifier is superior compared to alternative classification methods based on macro F1-scores derived from 10-fold cross-validation experiments. Our results further support the efficacy of eye gaze velocity as a biometric identifier of medical imaging experts.
Yoon, Hong-Jun; Alamudun, Folami; Hudson, Kathy; Morin-Ducote, Garnetta; and Tourassi, Georgia
"Deep Gaze Velocity Analysis During Mammographic Reading for Biometric Identification of Radiologists,"
Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments: Vol. 14
Available at: https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/jhpee/vol14/iss1/3