The International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference covers a wide range of topics of interest to researchers and engineers involved in the development of technology improvements and/or assessments of air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. In 2010, proceedings for this conference included 156 papers from authors all over the world. For 2012, we are soliciting papers on topics ranging from fundamental to applied, including heat transfer and fluid flow fundamentals, alternative refrigerants and working fluids, modeling of components and systems, heat exchanger enhancements and characterizations, controls, diagnostics, domestic, commercial and industrial refrigeration, heat pumps, transport refrigeration and air conditioning.”

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Proceedings from 2021

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Numerical Study And Validation Of Melting And Solidification In PCM Embedded Heat Exchangers With Straight Tube, Tanjebul Alam, Daniel Bacellar, Jiazhen Ling, and Vikrant Aute

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Dynamic Modeling of Packaged Air Conditioner with Micro-Channel Heat Exchanger Condenser, Khaled I. Alghamdi and Christian K. Bach

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Experimental Comparison of HCFO and HFO R1224yd(Z), R1233zd(E), R1336mzz(Z), and HFC R245fa in a High Temperature Heat Pump up to 150 °C Supply Temperature, Cordin Arpagaus and Stefan Bertsch

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Experimental Drying Characteristics Of Fabrics Under Vacuum, William E. Asher, Kashif Nawaz, Cheng-Min Yang, Brian Fricke, and Olexiy Buyadgie

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Two-Phase Heat Transfer of Low GWP Ternary Mixtures, Marco Azzolin, Arianna Berto, Stefano Bortolin, and Davide Del Col

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A Study on Computational Cost Reduction of Simulations of Phase-Change Material (PCM) Embedded Heat Exchangers, Daniel Bacellar, Tanjebul Alam, Jiazhen Ling, and Vikrant Aute

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Evaluation of Contact Resistance and Fin Effectiveness of Enhanced, Brazed “Dogbone” Fin and Serpentine Tube Heat Exchangers for Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Applications, Daniel Bacellar, Song Li, Cara Martin, Yoram Shabtay, and John Black

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Design Optimization of 3mm and 5mm Copper Tube and Flat Fin Air-to-Water Heat Exchangers with Experimental Validation, Daniel Bacellar, Dennis Nasuta, Song Li, Cara Martin, and Dale Powell

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Mathematical Model of Ice Slurry Flow to predict Agglomerations and Phase interaction effects, Shaimaa Hefny Badawi, Christiane Thomas, and Ullrich Hesse

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Numerical Simulation of Ice Slurry Flow in improved Plate Heat Exchanger Geometries with Consideration of different Phase Interaction Parameters, Shaimaa Hefny Badawi, Christiane Thomas, and Ullrich Hesse

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HVAC Systems with Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants: A Case Study, Vijay Bahel, Rajan Rajendran, Brian Butler, and Drew Welch

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Solar-Powered Mechanical Subcooling Refrigeration System for Hot Climates, Sara Barghash, Ammar Bahman, and Osama Ibrahim

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Experimental Comparison of Cycle Modifications to a Multi-Stage Two-Evaporator Transcritical CO2 Refrigeration Cycle, Riley B. Barta, Paige E. Beck, Davide Ziviani, and Eckhard A. Groll

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Experimental and Numerical Optimization of a Variable-Geometry Ejector in a Transcritical CO2 Refrigeration Cycle, Riley B. Barta, Parveen Dhillon, Davide Ziviani, James E. Braun, and Eckhard A. Groll

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Numerical Analysis of Active Flow Boiling Regime Management Using a Vapor-Compression Cycle Applied to Electronic Processor Cooling, Riley B. Barta, Davide Ziviani, and Eckhard A. Groll

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Investigation of Two-phase Refrigerant Behavior Upon Cycle Startup for Compressor Protection in Microgravity Applications, Paige E. Beck, Leon P. M. Brendel, James E. Braun, and Eckhard A. Groll

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Chebyshev Expansions Empower Faster and More Precise Pure Fluid Calculations, Ian Bell

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Modelling and Simulation of a Flash Tank Vapour Injection Heat Pump in Several Platforms, Viren Bhanot, Paolo Petagna, Andrea Cioncolini, Jiazhen Ling, and Vikrant Aute

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Preliminary Investigations of a Novel Dual Evaporator Dual Ejector Refrigeration Cycle, Ashwath Bhat, Anandu Surendran, and Satyanarayanan Seshadri

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The Efficient Computational Tools For The Design Process Of The Transcritical Two-Phase Ejectors For Natural-Based Working Fluids, Jakub Bodys, Michal Palacz, Michal Haida, Jacek Smolka, and Andrzej J. Nowak

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Experimental Test Rig For The Visualisation Study Of The Transcritical Flow In The Two-Phase R744 Ejectors, Jakub Bodys, Michał Palacz, Michał Haida, Jacek Smolka, and Andrzej J. Nowak

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Suitable low Global Warming Potential (GWP) refrigerants for two-speed Heat Pumps for residential applications based on simulated performance, Shen Bo, Moonis Ally, and Sharma Vishaldeep

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Experimentally Observed Anomalies from Inclining a Vapor Compression Cycle, Leon P. M. Brendel, Stephen L. Caskey, James E. Braun, and Eckhard A. Groll

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A Numerical Analysis Of Latent Thermal Energy Storage For Refrigerated Trucks, Michele Calati, Claudio Zilio, Giulia Righetti, Giovanni Antonio Longo, Kamel Hooman, and Simone Mancin

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Performance Analysis of Ejector Cycles for Separate Sensible and Latent Cooling in Air Conditioning, Jim Carow, Daniel Bacellar, and Cara Martin

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R1234ze(E) As Drop-In Replacement For R134a In A Micro-Fin Shell-And-Tube Evaporator: Experimental Tests And Calculation Model, Giuseppe Censi and Andrea Padovan

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Water Condensation and Droplet Shedding Behavior on Silica Nanospring Coated Tubes, Joseph Chamberlin, Giancarlo Corti, and Andrew Sommers

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Energy Efficient, Cost-Effective Power and Co-Generation Technologies: Techno-Environmental Analysis, Praveen Cheekatamarla, Ahmad Abu-Heiba, Kyle Gluesenkamp, and Tim Laclair

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Application of a Color Change Coating to Evaluate Flow Velocity Distribution and Wall Shear Stress of Fan Blade, Min Che and Stefan Elbel

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Experimental Evaluation of Local Air-side Heat Transfer Coefficient on Single Fins, Min Che and Stefan Elbel

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A Lattice Boltzmann Model for Phase Change Material (PCM) Melting with Porous Media in Heat Exchanger, Dongyu Chen, Amir Riaz, Vikrant C. Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Experimental Investigation of a Heat Pump Tumble Dryer with a Zeotropic Refrigerant Blend, Melanie Cop, Christiane Thomas, and Ullrich Hesse

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Experimental Investigation, In-Situ Monitoring And Modeling Of A Condensing Gas Absorption Heat Pump For Residential Buildings, Camila Dávila Valdebenito, Nicolas Paulus, Vincent Lemort, and Cristian Cuevas Barraza

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Thermodynamic Comparison of Magnetocaloric and Vapor Compression Domestic Wine Coolers, Natália Maleski de Sá, Alan Tihiro Nakashima, Jaime Andrés Lozano, and Jader Riso Barbosa Jr.

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Comparison of Steady-State and Dynamic Load-Based Performance Evaluation Methodologies for a Residential Air Conditioner, Parveen Dhillon, W. Travis Horton, and James E. Braun

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Demonstration of a Load-Based Testing Methodology for Rooftop Units with Integrated Economizers, Parveen Dhillon, W. Travis Horton, and James E. Braun

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Validation of a Load-Based Testing Method for Characterizing Residential Air-Conditioner Performance, Parveen Dhillon, Drew Welch, Brian Butler, W. Travis Horton, and James E. Braun

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Experimental Study on Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer of R1234yf Inside a Plate Heat Exchanger, Saide Diaw, Thiha Tun, Kunpei Yoshida, Keishi Kariya, and Akio Miyara

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Reinforcement Learning Control for Vapor Compression Refrigeration Cycle, Tech Logg Ding, Alison Subiantoro, and Stuart Norris

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Experimental Investigation Of A Thermally Integrated Carnot Battery Using A Reversible Heat Pump/Organic Rankine Cycle, Olivier Dumont, Antonios Charalampidis, and Vincent Lemort

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An Inverse Method to Estimate Bulk Density and Specific Heat of Cereal Grains During Heat Pump Drying, Amir Ebrahimifakhar and David Yuill

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Application of Machine Learning Classification Methods in Fault Detection and Diagnosis of Rooftop Units, Amir Ebrahimifakhar, David Yuill, and Adel Kabirikopaei

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Efficient Simulation Method for Parallel Tube Evaporators for Vehicle Battery Cooling, Bernhard Einberger, Christoph Zainer, Andreas Ennemoser, Sebastian Möller, Andreas Egger, and Michael Lang

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Combination of Local Heat Transfer and Flow Visualization of R245fa Flow Boiling in plate Heat Exchanger, Abdel-Rahman Farraj and Pega Hrnjak

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Hydraulic Characterization of a Adjustable Spiral-shaped Evaporator, Matthias Feiner, Francisco Javier Fernandez Garcia, Michael Arnemann, and Martin Kipfmuller

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Impact of Mechanical Ventilation and Indoor Air Recirculation Rates on the Performance of an Active Membrane Energy Exchanger System, Andrew Fix, James Braun, and David Warsinger

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Reduced GWP Refrigerant for Residential and Commercial Air Conditioning Systems, Kaimi Gao, Henna Tangri, Greg Smith, Ankit Sethi, Samuel Yana Motta, and Ryan Hulse

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Flow Boiling Heat Transfer And Pressure Drop Characteristics Of R1234yf In A Dimpled Flat Duct, Yuping Gao, Ye Feng, Ke Tang, and Pega Hrnjak

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An Updated Quantification Method for Liquid Refrigerant Distribution in Microchannel Evaporators Using Infrared Thermography, Yuping Gao, Daniel Silsbee, Ke Tang, and Stefan Elbel

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Self-powered Heating: Efficiency Analysis, Kyle R. Gluesenkamp, Tim J. LaClair, Praveen Cheekatamarla, and Ahmad Abu-Heiba

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Integrated Thermal Energy Storage System For Air-conditioners With Phase-Change Composites, Anurag Goyal, Eric Kozubal, and Jason Woods

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Review of Heat Pump Tumble Clothes Dryer Energy Efficiency and Related Technologies, Allison Graban, Eckhard Groll, James Braun, and Davide Ziviani

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Effect Of The Refrigerant Charge On The System Performance And Mass Distribution In Air-To-Water Heat Pumps, Costantino Guzzardi, Marco Azzolin, Sandro Lazzarato, and Davide Del Col

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Experimental Characterization Of A Condensing Units’ Performance Under A Controlled Refrigerant Leakage, Etienne Haddad and Assaad Zoughaib

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Test Of Condensing Units’ Performance And Operating Limits Using Different Low GWP Refrigerants, Etienne Haddad, Assaad Zoughaib, and Samer Saab

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System Designing of Transcritical CO2 Air Conditioning Systems using Ejector Performance Maps, Muhammad Haider and Stefan Elbel

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Experimental and Numerical Study on the Electrical and Thermal Characteristics of High Energy Density Lithium-ion Battery Cell for Application of Battery Electric Vehicle, Ukmin Han and Hoseong Lee

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Condensation Heat Transfer of R410A Inside Multiport Minichannels with Different Cross-sectional Geometry, Hoang Ngoc Hieu, Nurlaily Agustiarini, Pham Quang Vu, and Jong-Taek Oh

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Development of a Refrigerant Distribution Header Applied to Microchannel Heat Exchangers, Tomoki Hirokawa, Kouju Yamada, Yoshio Oritani, and Hirokazu Fujino

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Numerical Investigation of Two-stage Vapor Compression System with Simultaneous Vapor and Liquid Injection, Ransisi Huang, Jiazhen Ling, Vikrant Aute, and Leping Zhang

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Refrigerant- Lubricant Mixture Properties Influencing Bubble Dynamic Parameters and Heat Transfer Coefficient in Nucleate Pool Boiling, Jung-Tsung Hung, Yu-Kai Chen, Hou-Kuang Shih, and Chi-Chuan Wang

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Experimental Quantification of Liquid Line Temperature Drop As a Feature to Detect Liquid Line Restriction Faults in a Residential Heat Pump, Yifeng Hu, David P. Yuill, and Yuxuan Chen

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Impacts and Detection of Non-Condensable Gas in a Residential Air Source Heat Pump, Yifeng Hu, David P. Yuill, and Yuxuan Chen

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Interactions between Refrigerant Charge and Other Installation Faults on the Behavior of a Residential Heat Pump in Cooling Mode, Yifeng Hu, David P. Yuill, and Seyed Ali Rooholghodos

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Enhancement of the Critical Heat Flux During the Cooling of Power Electronics, Yuyang Hu, Oliver Ziegler, Christiane Thomas, Ullrich Hesse, Stefan Wettengel, Andreas Kluge, Lars Lindenmüller, and Gerd Fischer

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Carbon Dioxide Medium Temperature Refrigeration System With Thermal Storage, Kirill Ignatiev and Kyaw Wynn

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Numerical and Experimental Steady-State Investigation of Supercritical CO2 Gas Cooler Plate Heat Exchanger, Saad Jalil, Ahmed Okasha, James Gebbie, and Norbert Müller

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Numerical Simulation of the Heat Transfer in a Refrigerated Trailer Equipped with Eutectic Plates for Frozen Food Delivery, Jihyuk Jeong, Alla Eddine Benchikh Le Hocine, Sergio Croquer, Sébastien Poncet, Jocelyn Bonjour, and Benoit Michel

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Applying Two-phase Zeotropic Heat Transfer Fluids to Solid-state Cooling Cycle and Comparison with Baseline using Single Phase Water, Minwoong Kang and Stefan Elbel

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Comprehensive Study of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Regenerator and Optimization of Solid-state Caloric Cooling Cycles Using Realistic Hydraulic Diameter of Regenerator, Minwoong Kang and Stefan Elbel

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20/20 Vision – Interaction Of Lubricants And Next Generation Refrigerants, Joseph Karnaz

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Review of Humidity Effect on Humid Air-to-Water Condensation by a Cooling Surface for Atmospheric Water Harvesting, Gyeong Sung Kim, Tao Cao, and Yunho Hwang

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Comprehensive Modeling of a Chemical Looping Heat Pump with a Reverse Fuel Cell, Junyoung Kim, Nelson A. James, James E. Braun, Eckhard A. Groll, and Davide Ziviani

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Very Low GWP Refrigerant R-516A for R-134a replacement in Commercial Refrigeration, Sarah Kim, Kris Crosby, and Damien Rodowski

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Effect of Subcooling Control on Residential Heat Pump Systems’ Performance, Bruno Yuji Kimura de Carvalho and Pega Hrnjak

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Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Subcooling Control in Residential Air Conditioning Systems, Bruno Yuji Kimura de Carvalho and Pega Hrnjak

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Experimental Study of a Novel Shape-Optimized Air-to-Refrigerant Heat Exchanger under Evaporator Conditions, Ellery Klein, Jan Muehlbauer, Jiazhen Ling, Yoram Shabtay, Vikrant Aute, and Yunho Hwang

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A Proposal of Lean Design Integration Method for Hierarchical Architecture Type Product Systems (A Practical Lean Development Example in Domestic Refrigerator Energy Saving Design with a Combination of CAE, Real experiment and Humanistic collaboration), Takashi Kobayashi, Takuya Kodama, and Hitoshi Maruyama

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Experimental Investigation of Liquid and Vapor Mass Flows in a Parallel Tube Evaporator, Christian Kollik, Andreas Ennemoser, Michael Lang, Raimund Almbauer, Kevin Wimmer, Lukas Dür, and Christoph Zainer

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Chemical Stability and Equipment Reliability Impacts of R-13I1 (CF3I) in R-466A, Stephen Anthony Kujak and Elyse Sorenson

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Steady-State Parametric Study Of Semi-Open Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater Performance, Navin Kumar, Kyle R Gluesenkamp, Zhiyao Yang, Ahmad Abu-Heiba, Viral Patel, Rohit Bhagwat, Sidharth Sanadhya, Richard Rode, Michael Schmid, and Saeed Moghaddam

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Measurements Of Evaporation And Condensation Mass Transfer Resistances For Surfaces In Residential Dishwashers, Navin Kumar, Joseph Rendall, Kyle Gluesenkamp, Viral Patel, Ahmad Abuheiba, and Tugba Turnaoglu

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Field Performance Of Domestic Heat Pumps For Heating And Hot Water In Switzerland Part II: Results, Analysis And Optimization, Ralph R. Kuster, Manuel Prinzing, Berthold Matthias, Mick Eschmann, and Stefan S. Bertsch

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Field Performance Of Domestic Heat Pumps For Heating And Hot Water In Switzerland Part I: Technology, Methods And State Of The Art Of The Field Studies, Ralph R. Kuster, Manuel Prinzing, Berthold Matthias, Mick Eschmann, and Stefan S. Bertsch

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Exergetic Optimisation of Vortex Tubes using a Thermodynamic Model, Junior Lagrandeur, Sergio Croquer, Sébastien Poncet, and Mikhail Sorin

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Patch-based Thermodynamic Property Models for the Subcritical Region, Christopher Laughman and Hongtao Qiao

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Absorption Cooling for Data Centers powered by Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Waste Heat, Alejandro Lavernia, Maryam Asghari, Mastropasqua Luca, and Jacob Brower

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Characterization of MOS Sensors for R-32 and R-454B Leaks, James R. Leahy, Garrett J. Wack, Marcin Piech, Michael J. Birnkrant, and Peter B. Sunderland

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Differential Mass Measurement Scale for Measuring Refrigerant Charge and Oil Retention of Round Tube Plate Fin Heat Exchangers (ASHRAE RP-1785), Abraham J. Lee, Christian K. Bach, and Craig R. Bradshaw

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Durability and Performance Evaluations of SuperHydrophobic and Icephobic Coatings for Tube-Fin Heat Exchangers, Colin Lee, Evan Hess, Sara Beaini, Song Li, Daniel Bacellar, Dennis Nasuta, and Cara Martin

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Development and Experimental Evaluation of an Automated Charge Testing Methodology for Domestic Refrigerators, Changkuan Liang, Orkan Kurtulus, Davide Ziviani, Eckhard A. Groll, and James E. Braun

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Development of a High Temperature Water Heat Pump in Vent-less Dishwasher Application, Daqing Li and Suresh Shivashankar

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Experimental Confirmation Of Improvement Of Microchannel Condensers By Extraction Circuitry Using R134a, Jun Li, Vladimir Munćan, Dandong Wang, and Pega Hrnjak

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Flow Characteristics in a Microchannel Condensers With Extraction Circuitry, Jun Li, Vladimir Munćan, Dandong Wang, and Pega Hrnjak

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Prediction of Lubricant Viscosity from Nonequilibrium Molecular Dynamics Simulation, Lingnan Lin and Mark Kedzeriski

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A Gray-Box Dynamic Modeling Method for Variable Speed Direct Expansion Systems, Haopeng Liu and Jie Cai

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Correlation for Flow Boiling Heat Transfer of Low-pressure Refrigerants Inside A Horizontal Smooth Tube, Yufei Liu, Daisuke Jige, and Norihiro Inoue

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A Natural Wind Defrosting, Nano-coated Antibacterial Self-cleaning Energy-saving Health Air-cooled Refrigerator, Zhongbao Liu, Jiayang Gao, Xu Chen, and Yating Zhang

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Research On Waste Heat Recovery Of Low Temperature Flue Gas In Cement Plant And New Type Heat Exchange, Zhongbao Liu, Jundi Han, Xin Qi, Bo Zhu, and Qingyin Hu

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Heating And Air-conditioning Technology For Radiant Heat Recovery In Kiln Wall Of Cement Plant, Zhongbao Liu, Banghua Zhao, and Xin Qi