The therapeutic efficacy of two novel short antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory peptides (RR and RRIKA) was evaluated in a mouse model of staphylococcal skin infection. RR (2%) and RRIKA (2%) significantly reduced the bacterial counts and the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6, in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusUSA 300-0114 skin lesions. Furthermore, the combined therapy of RRIKA (1%) and lysostaphin (0.5%) had significantly higher antistaphylococcal and anti-inflammatory activity compared to monotherapy. This study supports the potential use of these peptides for topical treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin infections.
antimicrobial peptides, MRSA, lysostaphin, skin infection, mice
Date of this Version
Mohamed, Mohamed F. and Seleem, Mohamed N., "Efficacy of Short Novel Antimicrobial and Anti-Inflammatory Peptides in a Mouse Model of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Skin Infection" (2014). Department of Comparative Pathobiology Faculty Publications. Paper 31.