Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) is a major indicator of the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in human and animal research studies; however methods for calculating CPP differ among research groups. Here we compare the 6 published methods for calculating CPP using the same data set of aortic (Ao) and right atrial (RA) blood pressures. CPP was computed using each of the 6 calculation methods in an anesthetized pig model, instrumented with catheters with Cobe pressure transducers. Aortic and right atrial pressures were recorded continuously during electrically induced ventricular fibrillation and standard CPR. CPP calculated from the same raw data set by the 6 calculation methods ranged from -1 (signifying retrograde blood flow) to 26 mmHg (mean ± SD of 15 ± 11 mmHg). The CPP achieved by standard closed chest CPR is typically reported as 10–20 mmHg. Within a single study the CPP values may be comparable; however, the CPP values for different studies may not be reliable indicators of the relative efficacies of different CPR methods. Electronically derived, true mean coronary perfusion pressure is arguably the gold standard metric for representing coronary perfusion pressure.
blood flow, blood pressure, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ventricular fibrillation
Date of this Version
Otlewski, Michael P.; Geddes, Leslie A.; Pargett, Michael; and Babbs, Charles F., "Methods for Calculating Coronary Perfusion Pressure During CPR" (2009). Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications. Paper 133.