DOI

10.5703/1288284313287

Report Number

FHWA/IN/JTRP-2004/37

Abstract

Performance measures play a critical role in the operation of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), because they provide feedback to the operators regarding system operations and efficiency. Traffic management systems use archived data, provided by various sensors, as a basis for describing normal conditions and predicting traffic conditions that may be expected at a particular time and place in the highway system. However, data quality is one of the principal concerns of archived ITS data users for the following reasons: 1) Manual inspection techniques are unable to detect significant errors because of the large volume of ITS data; 2) Only minimal error detection can be performed as the data is being collected; 3) Sensors may only fail intermittently and not affect long-term averages; 4) Sensor failures may be masked by congestion or incidents. This project examined several quality control issues on one of the nation’s busiest sections of Interstate, the Borman expressway (I-80/94). Various tests such as speed and volume comparisons, data availability and average effective vehicle length test were developed and applied, revealing significant inconsistency in data quality provided by different detection technologies. Results that document these problems are presented in this study and causes of non-random changes are identified. Finally, several recommendations for improving construction and configuration procedures are proposed. Several simple performance metrics are also documented that transportation agencies can use to assess the quality of traffic data and sustain that quality over time.

Keywords

freeway sensors, performance metrics, detection technologies, quality control protocol, SPR-2713

SPR Number

2713

Project Number

C-36-17NNN

File Number

08-04-66

Performing Organization

Joint Transportation Research Program

Publisher Place

West Lafayette, IN

Date of this Version

2004