Date of this Version



In order to better understand the struggles and practices of growers in improving sustainability, two one-day workshops were conducted in California in April, 2018. The workshops brought together local growers, academic research groups, local, regional, and state agencies, and sustainability groups to discuss practical ways to increase sustainability, economic, environmental, and community, through the adoption of new technologies (see appendix for a list of attendees). All attendees were knowledgeable about the concept of sustainability in growing perennial crops. For readers who might be less familiar with the concept, here we provide an exemplar definition by the California Sustainable Winegrowing Alliance: “The vision of the Sustainable Winegrowing Program is the long-term sustainability of the California wine community. To place the concept of sustainability into the context of winegrowing, the program defines sustainable winegrowing as growing and winemaking practices that are sensitive to the environment (Environmentally Sound), responsive to the needs and interests of society-at-large (Socially Equitable), and are economically feasible to implement and maintain (Economically Feasible).”