Applied Physics Letters 92,19 (2008) 192501 1-3;
We report a nonvolatile hybrid multiferroic memory cell with electrostatic control of magnetization based on strain-coupled GaMnAs ferromagnetic semiconductor and a piezoelectric material. We use the crystalline anisotropy of GaMnAs to store information in the orientation of the magnetization along one of the two easy axes, which is monitored via transverse anisotropic magnetoresistance. The magnetization orientation is switched by applying voltage to the piezoelectric material and tuning magnetic anisotropy of GaMnAs via the resulting stress field. (c) 2008 American Institute of Physics.
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