Published in:

Nanotechnology 14,5 (2003) 562-565;


Non-contact electrostatic force microscopy techniques were used to study the open-circuit photovoltage of purple membrane multilayers electrodeposited on indium tin oxide. A humidity-dependent photovoltage response under illumination by a 635 nm photodiode was observed. Peak photovoltages in excess of 2 V at similar to36 W m(-2) were obtained for similar to15% relative humidity.


self-assembled monolayers;; purple-membrane;; proton pump;; films;; orientation;; microscopy;; mechanism;; field

Date of this Version

January 2003



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.