Title

Development of radiation tolerant semiconductor detectors for the Super-LHC

Authors

M. Moll
J. Adey
A. Al-Ajili
G. Alfieri
P. P. Allport
M. Artuso
S. Assouak
B. S. Avset
L. Barabash
A. Barcz
R. Bates
S. F. Biagi
G. M. Bilei
D. Bisello
A. Blue
A. Blumenau
V. Boisvert
G. Bolla
G. Bondarenko
E. Borchi
L. Borrello
D. Bortoletto
M. Boscardin
L. Bosisio
T. J. V. Bowcock
T. J. Brodbeck
J. Broz
M. Bruzzi
A. Brzozowski
M. Buda
P. Buhmann
C. Buttar
F. Campabadal
D. Campbell
A. Candelori
G. Casse
A. Cavallini
S. Charron
A. Chilingarov
D. Chren
V. Cindro
P. Collins
R. Coluccia
D. Contarato
J. Coutinho
D. Creanza
W. Cunningham
G. F. Dalla Betta
I. Dawson
W. de Boer
M. De Palma
R. Demina
P. Dervan
S. Dittongo
Z. Dolezal
A. Dolgolenko
T. Eberlein
V. Eremin
C. Fall
F. Fasolo
F. Fizzotti
C. Fleta
E. Focardi
E. Forton
E. Fretwurst
C. Garcia
J. E. Garcia-Navarro
E. Gaubas
M. H. Genest
K. A. Gill
K. Giolo
M. Glaser
C. Goessling
V. Golovine
S. G. Sevilla
I. Gorelov
J. Goss
A. G. Bates
G. Gregoire
P. Gregori
E. Grigoriev
A. A. Grillo
A. Groza
J. Guskov
L. Haddad
J. Harkonen
F. Hauler
M. Hoeferkamp
F. Honniger
T. Horazdovsky
R. Horisberger
M. Horn
A. Houdayer
B. Hourahine
G. Hughes
I. Ilyashenko
K. Irmscher
A. Ivanov
K. Jarasiunas
K. M. H. Johansen
B. K. Jones
R. Jones
C. Joram
L. Jungermann
E. Kalinina
P. Kaminski
A. Karpenko
A. Karpov
V. Kazlauskiene
V. Kazukauskas
V. Khivrich
V. Khomenkov
J. Kierstead
J. Klaiber-Lodewigs
R. Klingenberga
P. Kodys
Z. Kohout
S. Korjenevski
M. Koski
R. Kozlowski
M. Kozodaev
G. Kramberger
O. Krasel
A. Kuznetsov
S. Kwan
S. Lagomarsino
K. Lassila-Perini
V. Lastovetsky
G. Latino
S. Lazanu
I. Lazanu
A. Lebedev
C. Lebel
K. Leinonen
C. Leroy
Z. Li
G. Lindstrom
V. Linhart
A. Litovchenko
P. Litovchenko
A. Lo Giudice
M. Lozano
Z. Luczynski
P. Luukka
A. Macchiolo
L. F. Makarenko
I. Mandic
C. Manfredotti
N. Manna
S. Marti i Garcia
S. Marunko
K. Mathieson
J. Melone
D. Menichelli
A. Messineo
J. Metcalfe
S. Miglio
M. Mikuz
J. Miyamoto
E. Monakhov
F. Moscatelli
D. Naoumov
E. Nossarzewska-Orlowska
J. Nysten
P. Olivera
V. OShea
T. Palvialnen
C. Paolini
C. Parkes
D. Passeri
U. Pein
G. Pellegrini
L. Perera
K. Petasecca
C. Piemonte
G. U. Pignatel
N. Pinho
I. Pintilie
L. Pintilie
L. Polivtsev
P. Polozov
A. Popa
J. Popule
S. Pospisil
A. Pozza
V. Radicci
J. M. Rafi
R. Rando
R. Roeder
T. Rohe
S. Ronchin
C. Rott
A. Roy
A. Ruzin
H. F. W. Sadrozinski
S. Sakalauskas
M. Scaringella
L. Schiavulli
S. Schnetzer
B. Schumm
S. Sciortino
A. Scorzoni
G. Segneri
S. Seidel
A. Seiden
G. Sellberg
P. Sellin
D. Sentenac
I. Shipsey
P. Sicho
T. Sloan
M. Solar
S. Son
B. Sopko
V. Sopko
N. Spencer
J. Stahl
D. Stolze
R. Stone
J. Storasta
N. Strokan
M. Sudzius
B. Surma
A. Suvorov
B. G. Svensson
P. Tipton
M. Tomasek
A. Tsvetkov
E. Tuominen
E. Tuovinen
T. Tuuva
M. Tylchin
H. Uebersee
J. Uher
M. Ullan
J. V. Vaitkus
J. Velthuis
E. Verbitskaya
V. Vrba
G. Wagner
I. Wilhelm
S. Worm
V. Wright
R. Wunstorf
Y. Yiuri
P. Zabierowski
A. Zaluzhny
M. Zavrtanik
M. Zen
V. Zhukov
N. Zorzi

Published in:

Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section a-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 546,1-2 (2005) 99-107;

Abstract

The envisaged upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN towards the Super-LHC (SLHC) with a 10 times increased luminosity of 10(35) cm(-2) s(-1) Will present severe challenges for the tracking detectors of the SLHC experiments. Unprecedented high radiation levels and track densities and a reduced bunch crossing time in the order of 10 ns as well as the need for cost effective detectors have called for an intensive R&D program. The CERN RD50 collaboration "Development of Radiation Hard Semiconductor Devices for Very High Luminosity Colliders" is working on the development of semiconductor sensors matching the requirements of the SLHC. Sensors based on defect engineered silicon like Czochralski, epitaxial and oxygen enriched silicon have been developed. With 3D, Semi-3D and thin detectors new detector concepts have been evaluated and a study on the use of standard and oxygen enriched p-type silicon detectors revealed a promising approach for radiation tolerant cost effective devices. These and other most recent advancements of the RD50 collaboration are presented. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

radiation damage;; semiconductor detectors;; silicon particle detectors;; defect engineering;; slhc;; super-lhc;; epitaxial silicon detectors;; electron-irradiation;; collaboration;; hardness;; sensors

Date of this Version

1-1-2005

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