Date of Award

Fall 2014

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Curriculum & Instruction

First Advisor

Melanie Shoffner

Committee Chair

Melanie Shoffner

Committee Member 1

Janet Alsup

Committee Member 2

Jennifer Richardson

Committee Member 3

Kathryn Obenchain


The purpose of this study was to investigate five middle school English teachers' understandings of literacy and technology. In particular, how do they define literacy, view literacy and technology learning and teaching, and how do they use (or not use) technology to enact their views of literacy in their classrooms. This narrative inquiry qualitative study consisted of three open-ended interviews, written literacy narratives, and multiple classroom observations with each participant as well as the collection of various teacher documents, such as lesson plans, presentation notes, rubrics, and student handouts. Narrative methods were used in the data analysis. ^ Findings were organized across a continuum of literacy understandings from traditional understandings to new conceptions of literacy. Discussion and implications pointed to the need for an expanded definition of literacy with pre-service and practicing teachers that addresses the complexity of multiliteracies and multimodality. There was also a need for extending pedagogical repertoires of pre-service and practicing teachers to recognize TPACK as a beginning to multiliteracies as well as adopting a pedagogy of design, and incorporating critical literacy into instruction. Finally, pre-service and practicing teachers must be afforded the opportunity to conduct their own action-research to develop their knowledge base for teaching.