Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


American Studies

First Advisor

Susan Curtis

Committee Member 1

William Harper

Committee Member 2

Ronald J Stephens

Committee Member 3

Cheryl Cooky


In 1951, an investigation of gambling in college basketball by New York district attorney, Frank Hogan, ultimately led to the arrest of more than 30 players from seven schools, including six players from the City College of New York (CCNY). Just a year earlier in 1950, CCNY became the first racially integrated basketball team to win the national championship; and the only one to win the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and National Invitational Tournament (NIT) championships in the same season. Unfortunately, their accomplishments were overshadowed by the gambling scandals.