Dust grains in fusion devices may be radioactive, contain toxic substances, and may penetrate into the core plasma resulting in the termination of plasma discharges. Therefore, it is important to study the charging mechanisms of dust grains under tokamak's plasma conditions. In this paper, the charging processes of carbon dust grains in fusion plasmas are investigated using the developed dust simulation (DS) code. The Orbital Motion Limited (OML) theory, which is a common tool when solving dust-charging problems, is used to study the charging of dust grains due to the collection of plasma ions and electrons. The secondary electron emission (SEE) and thermionic electron emission (TEE) are also considered in the developed model. The surface temperature of dust grains (Td) is estimated for different plasma parameters. Floating potentials have been validated against the data available from the dust simulation code package DUSTT. It is shown that the dust grains are negatively charged for relatively low plasma temperatures below 10 eV and plasma densities below 1019m−3" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: inline-block; line-height: normal; font-size: 16.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; position: relative;">1019m−3. For higher plasma temperature and density, however, the charge on dust grains may become positive. The charging time depends not only on the grain's size, but also on the plasma temperature.
Dust charging, tokamak
Date of this Version
Uccello, Andrea & Gervasini, Gabriele & Ghezzi, F. & Lazzaro, Enzo & Bacharis, Minas & Flanagan, Joanne & Matthews, Guy & Järvinen, Aaro & Sertoli, Marco. (2016). Comparison of dust transport modelling codes in a tokamak plasma. Physics of Plasmas. 23. 102506. 10.1063/1.4964672.