Deuterium ion-surface interactions of liquid-lithium thin films on micro-porous molybdenum substrates

Bryan Heim, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University
C. N. Taylor, Purdue University
D. M. Zigon, Purdue University
S. O'Dell, Plasma Proc Inc
Jean Paul Allain, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University

Date of this Version



Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms Volume 269, Issue 11, 1 June 2011, Pages 1262–1265


Lithium has been utilized to enhance the plasma performance for a variety of fusion devices such as TFTR, CDX-U and NSTX. Lithium in both the solid and liquid states has been studied extensively for its role in hydrogen retention and reduction in sputtering yield. A liquid lithium diverter (LLD) was recently installed in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) fusion reactor to investigate lithium applications for plasma-facing surfaces (PFS). Representative samples of LLD material were exposed to lithium depositing and simulated plasma conditions offline at Purdue University to study changes in surface chemical functionalities of Mo, O, Li and D. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) conducted on samples revealed two distinct peak functionalities of lithiated porous molybdenum exposed to deuterium irradiation. The two-peak chemical functionality noticed in porous molybdenum deviates from similar studies conducted on lithiated graphite; such deviation in data is correlated to the complex surface morphology of the porous surface and the correct "wetting" of lithium on the sample surface. The proper lithium "wetting" on the sample surface is essential for maximum deuterium retention and corresponding LLD pumping of deuterium. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology