Chemical and physical erosion of carbon and metallic substrates containing lithium during low-energy deuterium ion irradiation
Date of this Version8-1-2011
Journal of Nuclear Materials Volume 415, Issue 1, Supplement, 1 August 2011, Pages S133–S136
Lithium deposition on Grade ATJ graphite substrates and metallic substrates under low-energy D-2(+), irradiation are compared. Transient and steady-state release rate of ejected species are measured for non-lithiated and lithiated ATJ graphite surfaces. Irradiation fluxes of order 10(15) cm(-2) s(-1) exposed samples while ejected species are monitored with a line-of-sight quadrupole mass spectrometer. For lithiated ATJ graphite the dominant D emission channels are D2O and HDO and indicate the importance of lithium, water breakdown at the surface and oxide formation on desorption dynamics. Exponential decay in the transient release rate of ejected species is found for lithiated ATJ graphite, indicating that near surface super-saturation of D atoms at the vacuum interface in the presence of lithium atoms. In situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) surface analysis corroborates this result. Lithium-coatings on Mo substrates demonstrate high sputtering rates; however depleted Li/Mo surfaces are quickly recovered when surfaces are heated to temperatures near 500 K. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology