Carbon nanowalls amplify the surface-enhanced Raman scattering from Ag nanoparticles
Date of this Version9-30-2011
Nanotechnology, Volume 22, Number 39
We report surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) from Ag nanoparticles decorated on thin carbon nanowalls (CNWs) grown by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition. The Ag morphology is controlled by exposing the CNWs to oxygen plasma and through the electrodeposition process by varying the number of deposition cycles. The SERS substrates are capable of detecting low concentrations of rhodamine 6G and bovine serum albumin, showing much higher Raman enhancement than ordinary planar HOPG with Ag decoration. The major factors contributing to this behavior include: high density of Ag nanoparticles, large surface area, high surface roughness, and the underlying presence of vertically oriented CNWs. The relatively simple procedure of substrate preparation and nanoparticle decoration suggests that this is a promising approach for fabricating ultrasensitive SERS substrates for biological and chemical detection at the single-molecule level, while also enabling the study of fundamental SERS phenomena.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology