Mechanism of vertical Ge nanowire nucleation on Si (111) during subeutectic annealing and growth
Date of this Version11-2011
Journal of Materials Research: Volume 26, Issue 21. November 2011, pp. 2744-2748
The direct integration of Ge nanowires with silicon is of interest in multiple applications. In this work, we describe the growth of high-quality, vertically oriented Ge nanowires on Si (111) substrates utilizing a completely sub-Au-Si-eutectic annealing and growth procedure. With all other conditions remaining identical, annealing below the Au-Si eutectic results in successful heteroepitaxial nucleation and growth of Ge nanowires on Si substrate while annealing above the Au-Si eutectic leads to randomly oriented growth. A model is presented to elucidate the effect of the annealing temperature, in which we hypothesized that sub-Au-Si-eutectic annealing leads to the formation of a single and well-oriented interface, essential to template heteroepitaxial nucleation. These results are critically dependent on substrate preparation and lead to the creation of integrated nanowire systems with a low thermal budget process.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology