A Two-Dimensional Electronically-Steerable Array Antenna for Target Detection on Ground
Date of this Version2011
2011 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation
Target-detection with a proof-of-concept electronically-steerable array (ESA) antenna is demonstrated in this paper. First, the clutter level is investigated by using vertically-and horizontally-polarized electric fields. Two metallic cylinders with different sizes are subsequently used as targets and are characterized using standard 15-dBi horn antennas. The bigger cylinder reflects about 3 dB higher power than the smaller one. A 2x2 ESA antenna is designed, fabricated and tested for two-dimensional beam steering. Unlike standard horn antennas that exhibit no electronic steering, the 2x2 ESA is able to identify a target location by steering the beam angle from -40 to +40 degrees, when the target is placed at -25, 0, and +25 degrees. The reflected power from each target is 5 dB less when illuminated by the proof-of-concept 2x2 ESA than when illuminated by the standard horn antenna. This is due to the 5.2 dB gain difference between the two antennas. The findings of this work show the potential of ESAs in target detection technology.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology