Wavelength-Dependent Absorption in Structurally Tailored Randomly Branched Vertical Arrays of InSb Nanowires
Date of this Version12-2012
Nano Letters, 2012, 12 (12), pp 6112–6118
Arrays of semiconductor nanowires are of potential interest for applications including photovoltaic devices and IR detectors/imagers. While nominally uniform arrays have typically been studied, arrays containing nanowires with multiple diameters and/or random distributions of diameters could allow tailoring of the photonic properties of the arrays. In this Letter, we demonstrate the growth and optical properties of randomly branched InSb nanowire arrays. The structure mentioned can be approximated as three vertically stacked regions, with average diameters of 20, 100, and 150 nm within the respective layers. Reflectance and transmittance measurements on structures with different average nanowire lengths have been performed over the wavelength range of 300-2000 nm, and absorbance has been calculated from these measurements. The structures show low reflectance over the visible and IR regions and wavelength-dependent absorbance in the IR region. A model considering the diameter-dependent photonic coupling (at a given wavelength) and random distribution of nanowire diameters within the regions has been developed. The diameter-dependent photonic coupling results in a roll-off in the absorbance spectra at wavelengths well below the bulk cutoff of similar to 7 mu m, and randomness is observed to broaden the absorbance response. Varying the average diameters would allow tailoring of the wavelength dependent absorption within various layers, which could be employed in photovoltaic devices or wavelength-dependent IR imagers.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology