Rough Interfaces in THz Quantum Cascade Lasers
Date of this Version2010
2010 14th International Workshop on Computational Electronics (IWCE)
The impact of interface roughness scattering on the device performance of state-of-the-art THz quantum cascade lasers is theoretically analyzed using the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism. It is shown that for a particular direct transition QCL design style rough interfaces hardly change the electronic energy spectrum, but dramatically reduce the occupation inversion and the opltical gain. A spatial separation leading to a diagonal transition laser, leads in contrast to a limited sensitivity to interface roughness. Diagonal transition QCL designs result in a better device performance and an improved reliability with respect to interface roughness induced by growth quality variations.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology