Au nanospheres and nanorods for enzyme-free electrochemical biosensor applications

Yu-Ho Won, Purdue University
Keon Huh, Purdue University
Lia A. Stanciu, Purdue University

Date of this Version



Biosensors and Bioelectronics Volume 26, Issue 11, 15 July 2011, Pages 4514–4519


Au nanocrystals with different morphologies were prepared and used for enzyme-free electrochemical biosensor applications. To investigate the electrocatalytic properties of Au nanocrystals as a function on their morphologies, Au nanocrystals, Au nanospheres (NSs) on silica, Au NSs, and Au nanorods (NRs) with aspect ratios of 1:3 and 1:5, were coated on the screen printed electrodes and further measure the amperometic responses to hydrogen peroxide via three-electrode system. The electrodes modified with Au nanocrystals showed biosensing properties without any enzyme being attached or immobilized at their surface. The hydrogen peroxide detection limits of the biosensors with Au NSs, Au NRs (1:3), and Au NRs (1:5) were 6.48, 8.65, and 9.38 mu M (S/N = 3), respectively. The biosensors with Au NSs, Au NRs (1:3), and Au NRs (1:5) showed the sensitivities of 11.13, 54.53, and 58.51 mu A/mM, respectively. These results indicate that morphologies of Au nanocrystals significantly influence the sensitivity of the biosensors. In addition, the enzyme-free biosensors with Au nanocrystals were stable for 2 months. Au nanocrystal-based enzyme-free system, which is proposed in this study, can be used as a platform for various electrochemical biosensors. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology