Transport Modulation in Ge/Si Core/Shell Nanowires through Controlled Synthesis of Doped Si Shells

Yanjie Zhao, Purdue University
Joshua T. Smith, Purdue University
Joerg Appenzeller, Purdue University
Chen Yang, Purdue University

Date of this Version



Nano Lett., 2011, 11 (4), pp 1406–1411


Appropriately controlling the properties of the Si shell in Ge/Si core/shell nanowires permits not only passivation of the Ge surface states, but also introduces new interface phenomena, thereby enabling novel nanoelectronics concepts. Here, we report a rational synthesis of Ge/Si core/shell nanowires with doped Si shells. We demonstrate that the morphology and thickness of Si shells can be controlled for different dopant types by tuning the growth parameters during synthesis. We also present distinctly different electrical characteristics that arise from nanowire field-effect transistors fabricated using the synthesized Ge/Si core/shell nanowires with different shell morphologies. Furthermore, a clear transition in the modification of device characteristics is observed for crystalline shell nanowires following removal of the shell using a unique trimming process of successive native oxide formation/etching. Our results demonstrate that the preferred transport path through the nanowire structure can be modulated by appropriately tuning the growth conditions.


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Physical Chemistry