Three-dimensional mapping of optical near field of a nanoscale bowtie antenna

Rui Guo, Purdue University - Main Campus
Edward C. Kinzel, Purdue University
Yan Li, Purdue University - Main Campus
Sreemanth M. V. Uppuluri, Purdue University
Arvind Raman, Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University
Xianfan Xu, Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University

Date of this Version



ISSN: 1094-4087

This document has been peer-reviewed.



Ridge nanoscale aperture antennas have been shown to be a high transmission nanoscale light source. They provide a small, polarization-dependent near-field optical spot with much higher transmission efficiency than circularly-shaped apertures with similar field confinement. This provides significant motivations to understand the electromagnetic fields in the immediate proximity to the apertures. This paper describes an experimental three-dimensional optical near-field mapping of a bowtie nano-aperture. The measurements are performed using a home-built near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) system. An aluminum coated Si3N4 probe with a 150 nm hole at the tip is used to collect optical signals. Both contact and constant-height scan (CHS) modes are used to measure the optical intensity at different longitudinal distances. A force-displacement curve is used to determine the tip-sample separation distance allowing the optical intensities to be mapped at distances as small as 50 nm and up to micrometer level. The experimental results also demonstrate the polarization dependence of the transmission through the bowtie aperture. Numerical simulations are also performed to compute the aperture's electromagnetic near-field distribution and are shown to agree with the experimental results.


Engineering | Nanoscience and Nanotechnology