Microcantilever dynamics in liquid environment dynamic atomic force microscopy when using higher-order cantilever eigenmodes

Daniel Kiracofe, Purdue University - Main Campus
Arvind Raman, Purdue University - Main Campus

Date of this Version



DOI: 10.1063/1.3457143

This document has been peer-reviewed.



Dynamic atomic force microscopy is currently evolving from a single to a multifrequency instrument for nanoscale imaging often employing higher-order microcantilever eigenmodes for improved resolution and force spectroscopy. In this work the authors study the fundamentals of cantilever dynamics and energy dissipation when soft cantilevers are driven at their second flexural eigenmode and interact with samples in liquid environments. Contrary to the conventional first eigenmode operation, second eigenmode operation in liquids is often dominated by a subharmonic response (e.g., one tap every four drive cycles) and there is an energy transfer to the first eigenmode creating a new channel of energy dissipation and compositional contrast.


Engineering | Nanoscience and Nanotechnology