Natural Biopolymers: Novel Templates for the Synthesis of Nanostructures

Sonal Padalkar, Purdue University - Main Campus
J R. Capadona, Case Western Reserve University
S J. Rowan, Case Western Reserve University
C Weder, Case Western Reserve University
Yu-Ho Won, Purdue University - Main Campus
L Stanciu, Birck Nanotechnology Center and School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University
Robert Moon, Purdue University - Main Campus

Date of this Version


This document has been peer-reviewed.



Biological systems such as proteins, viruses, and DNA have been most often reported to be used Os templates for the synthesis of functional nanomaterials, but the properties of widely available biopolymers, such as cellulose, have been much less exploited for this purpose. Here, we report or the first time that cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) have the capacity to assist in the synthesis of metallic nanoparticle chains. A cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). was critical to nanoparticle stabilization and CNC surface modification. Silver, gold, copper, and platinum nanoparticles were synthesized on CNCs. and the nanoparticle density and particle size were controlled by varying the concentration of CTAB, the pH of the salt solution, and the reduction time.


Engineering | Nanoscience and Nanotechnology