Gate-induced g-factor control and dimensional transition for donors in multivalley semiconductors
Date of this Version10-2009
This document has been peer-reviewed.
The dependence of the g factors of semiconductor donors on applied electric and magnetic fields is of immense importance in spin-based quantum computation and in semiconductor spintronics. The donor g-factor Stark shift is sensitive to the orientation of the electric and magnetic fields and is strongly influenced by the band-structure and spin-orbit interactions of the host. Using a multimillion atom tight-binding framework, the spin-orbit Stark parameters are computed for donors in multivalley semiconductors, silicon, and germanium. Comparison with limited experimental data shows good agreement for a donor in silicon. Results for gate-induced transition from three-dimensional to two-dimensional wave-function confinement show that the corresponding g-factor shift in Si is experimentally observable, and at modest B field, O(1 T) can exceed the Stark shift of the hyperfine interaction.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology