Equilibrium Analysis of Lattice-Mismatched Nanowire Heterostructures
Date of this Version1-1-2003
This document has been peer-reviewed.
The quality of lattice-mismatched semiconductor heterojunctions is often limited by the presence of misfit dislocations. Nanowire geometries offer the promise of creating highly mismatched, yet dislocation free heterojunctions. A simple model, based upon the critical thickness model of Matthews and Blakeslee for misfit dislocation formation in planar heterostructures, illustrates that there exists a critical nanowire radius for which a coherent heterostructured nanowire system is unstable with respect to the formation of misfit dislocations. The model indicates that within the nanowire geometry, it should be possible to create perfect heterojunctions with large lattice-mismatch.