Interacting systems for self-correcting low power switching
Date of this VersionFebruary 2007
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 90, 093503
This document has been peer-reviewed.
This letter first shows that dynamic switching schemes can be used to reduce energy dissipation below the thermodynamic minimum of NkT ln r (N=number of information carriers and 1/r=error probability), but only at the expense of the error immunity inherent in thermodynamic processes for which the final state is insensitive to the switching dynamics. It is further shown that, for a system which has internal feedback, e.g., nanomagnets, such that all N spins act in concert, it should be possible to switch with an energy dissipation of the order of kT ln r (considerably less than the thermodynamic limit of NkT ln r), while retaining an error immunity comparable to thermodynamic switching.