Engineering space for light via transformation optics

Alexander V. Kildishev, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University
V. M. Shalaev, Birck Nanotechnology Center and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University

Date of this Version


This document has been peer-reviewed.



Conceptual studies and numerical simulations are performed for imaging devices that transform a near-field pattern into magnified far-zone images and are based on high-order spatial transformation in cylindrical domains. A lens translating a near-field pattern from an almost circular input boundary onto a magnified far-field image at a flat output boundary is considered. The lens is made of a metamaterial with anisotropic permittivity and permeability both depending on a single '' scaling '' parameter of the transformation. Open designs of the lens with a truncated body (3/4-body and 1/4-body lenses) are suggested and analyzed. It is shown that the ideal full lens and the 3/4-body lens produce identical images. Numerical simulations of 1/4-body designs indicate that further truncation of the lens could limit its performance. Alight concentrator '' focusing '' far-zone fields into a nanometer-scale area is also considered.