Theoretical Study on the Oxidation Mechanism and Dynamics of the Zigzag Graphene Nanoribbon Edge by Oxygen and Ozone
Date of this Version5-15-2014
Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), as an emerging class of material, hold great potential for the future high speed and low power electronic and spintronic devices. The fabrication of GNRs is of the utmost interest in terms of graphene based device research. Chemical narrowing of GNRs by oxidation is a promising technique in producing nanoribbons of desired widths. In this article, we hope to elucidate the etching mechanism of zigzag GNR (ZGNR) edge by oxidation through theoretical investigations. The oxidation mechanisms and dynamics of the ZGNR edge by O-2 and O-3 are fully revealed by density functional theory and statistical theory. The relationship between the reaction time and pressure as well as temperature is estimated dynamically. These theoretical results successfully interpret the recent experimental results and can be further used to predict the appropriate oxidation conditions for the precision etching of ZGNRs.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology