Direct pulsed laser crystallization of nanocrystals for absorbent layers in photovoltaics: Multiphysics simulation and experiment
Date of this Version5-21-2013
Direct pulsed laser crystallization (DPLC) of nanoparticles of photoactive material-Copper Indium Selenide (nanoCIS) is investigated by multiphysics simulation and experiments. Laser interaction with nanoparticles is fundamentally different from their bulk counterparts. A multiphysics electromagnetic-heat transfer model is built to simulate DPLC of nanoparticles. It is found smaller photoactive nanomaterials (e.g., nanoCIS) require less laser fluence to accomplish the DPLC due to their stronger interactions with incident laser and lower melting point. The simulated optimal laser fluence is validated by experiments observation of ideal microstructure. Selectivity of DPLC process is also confirmed by multiphysics simulation and experiments. The combination effects of pulse numbers and laser intensity to trigger laser ablation are investigated in order to avoid undesired results during multiple laser processing. The number of pulse numbers is inversely proportional to the laser fluence to trigger laser ablation. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology