High temperature dynamic viscosity sensor for engine oil applications
Date of this Version10-21-2011
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical Volume 173, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 102–107
This paper presents a new high temperature dynamic viscosity sensor for in situ condition monitoring of engine lubricants. The sensor is used to measure the variation in the quality factor of a vibrating piezoelectric cantilever beam due to viscous damping. The sensor was used to measure the dynamic viscosity of various single and multi-grade engines oils up to 180 cP from 25 degrees C to 60 degrees C. The sensor is capable of detecting degradation and dilution of engine oil for both new and used samples of 5W-30 and 10W-40 and diluted SAE 30 engine oils. All of the viscosity measurements presented are within 0.13-9.8% of the results obtained using the standard Walther equation at various temperatures. An equation relating dynamic viscosity of an oil sample to the quality factor of the beam is presented. The quality factor measurement circuit presented in this research can be implemented in automotive applications for in situ condition monitoring of lubricant viscosity. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology