Carbon nanotube array thermal interfaces for high-temperature silicon carbide devices
Date of this Version7-1-2008
This document has been peer-reviewed.
Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) arrays have been directly synthesized from templated Fe2O3 nanoparticles on the C-face of 4H-SiC substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD), and the room-temperature thermal resistances of SiC-MWCNT-Ag interfaces at 69-345 kPa as well as the thermal resistances of SiC-MWCNT-Ag interfaces up to 250 degrees C (at 69 kPa) have been measured using a photoacoustic technique. The SiC-MWCNT-Ag interfaces with MWCNTs grown on the C-face of SiC achieved thermal resistances less than 10 mm(2) K/W, which is lower than the resistances of MWCNT interfaces grown using the same catalysis and growth methods on the Si-face of SiC and Ti-coated SiC. The thermal resistances of the SiC-MWCNT-Ag interfaces exhibit weak temperature dependence in the measured range, indicating that the interfaces are suitable for high-temperature power electronics applications.