Graphene Induced Surface Reconstruction of Cu
Date of this Version8-2012
Jifa Tian, Helin Cao, Wei Wu, Qingkai Yu, Nathan P. Guisinger, and Yong P. Chen. Nano Lett., 2012, 12 (8), pp 3893–3899. DOI: 10.1021/nl3002974
An atomic-scale study utilizing scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) is performed on large single crystalline graphene grains synthesized on Cu foil by a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. After thermal annealing, we observe the presence of periodic surface depressions (stripe patterns) that exhibit long-range order formed in the area of Cu covered by graphene. We suggest that the observed stripe pattern is a Cu surface reconstruction formed by partial dislocations (which appeared to be stair-rod-like) resulting from the strain induced by the graphene overlayer. In addition, these graphene grains are shown to be more decoupled from the Cu substrate compared to previously studied grains that exhibited Moire patterns.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology