Design of a compact mode and polarization converter in three-dimensional photonic crystals

Jian Wang, Purdue University
Minghao Qi, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University

Date of this Version



Optics Express Vol. 20, Issue 18, pp. 20356-20367 (2012)


A mode and polarization converter is proposed and optimized for 3D photonic integrated circuits based on photonic crystals (PhCs). The device converts the index-guided TE mode of a W1 solid-core (SC) waveguide to the band-gap-guided TM mode of a W1 hollow-core (HC) waveguide in 3D PhCs, and vice versa. The conversion is achieved based on contra-directional mode coupling. For a 25 mu m-long device, simulations show that the power conversion efficiency is over 98% across a wavelength range of 16 nm centered at 1550 nm, whereas the reflection remains below -20dB. The polarization extinction ratio of the conversion is in principle infinitely high because both W1 waveguides operate in the single-mode regimes in this wavelength range. (C) 2012 Optical Society of America


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology