Active and tunable metamaterials

Allan D. Boardman, University of Salford
Volodymyr V. Grimalsky, Autonomous University of the State of Morelos
Yuri S. Kivshar, Australian National University
Mikhail Lapine, University of Sevilla
Natalia Litchinitser, State University of New York
Svetlana Koshevaya, Autonomous University of the State of Morelos
Mikhail Noginov, Norfolk State University
Vadim N. Malnev, Addis Ababa University
Yuriy Rapoport, University of Salford; Taras Shevchenko Kyiv Natl Univ
Vladimir M. Shalaev, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University

Date of this Version



Boardman, A.D., Grimalsky, V.V., Kivshar, Y.S., Koshevaya, S.V., Lapine, M., Litchinitser, N.M., Malnev, V.N., Noginov, M., Rapoport, Y.G. and Shalaev, V.M. (2011), Active and tunable metamaterials. Laser & Photon. Rev., 5: 287–307.


Metamaterial research is an extremely important global activity that promises to change our lives in many different ways. These include making objects invisible and the dramatic impact of metamaterials upon the energy and medical sectors of society. Behind all of the applications, however, lies the business of creating metamaterials that are not going to be crippled by the kind of loss that is naturally heralded by use of resonant responses in their construction. This review sets out some solutions to the management of loss and gain, coupled to controlled and nonlinear behavior, and discusses some critical consequences concerning stability. Under the general heading of active and tunable metamaterials, an international spectrum of authors collaborates here to present a set of solutions that addresses these issues in several directions. As will be appreciated, the range of possible solutions is really fascinating, and it is hoped that these discussions will act as a further stimulus to the field.


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology