Atomic-Scale Investigation of Graphene Grown on Cu Foil and the Effects of Thermal Annealing

Jongweon Cho, Argonne National Laboratory
Li Gao, Argonne National Laboratory
Jifa Tian, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University
Helin Cao, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University
Wei Wu, University of Houston
Qingkai Yu, University of Houston
Esmeralda Yitamben, Argonne National Laboratory
Brandon Fisher, Argonne National Laboratory
Jeffrey R. Guest, Argonne National Laboratory
Yong P. Chen, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University
Nathan P. Guisinger, Argonne National Laboratory

Date of this Version



ACS Nano, 2011, 5 (5), pp 3607–3613


We have investigated the effects of thermal annealing on ex-situ chemically vapor deposited submonolayer graphene islands on polycrystalline Cu foil at the atomic-scale using ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscopy. Low-temperature annealed graphene islands on Cu foil (at similar to 430 degrees C) exhibit predominantly striped Moire patterns, indicating a relatively weak interaction between graphene and the underlying polycrystalline Cu foil. Rapid high-temperature annealing of the simple (at 700-800 degrees C) gives rise to the removal of Cu oxide and the recovery of crystallographic features of the copper that surrounds the intact graphene. These experimental observations of continuous crystalline features between the underlying copper (beneath the graphene islands). and the surrounding exposed copper areas revealed by high-temperature annealing demonstrates the impenetrable nature of graphene and its potential application as a protective layer against corrosion.


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology