This is the author’s accepted manuscript version of Chapman, B. (2014). Atomic Weapons Program, Soviet. In Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond by Timothy C. Dowling, Editor. (Vol. 1, pp. 69-70). Copyright © 2014 by ABC-CLIO, LLC. All rights reserved. Reproduced with permission from ABC-CLIO, LLC, Santana Barbara, CA.


Provides a history of the Soviet Union and Russian Federation's nuclear weapons program. It emphasizes the role of espionage in acquiring this capability, personalities such as Igor Kurchatov and Andrei Sakharov, this arsenal's multifaceted capabilities, arms control treaties with the U.S., the Nunn-Lugar Agreement, the environmental damage caused by this program, and the continuing role of nuclear weapons in Russian national security.


atomic weapons, nuclear weapons, espionage, nuclear deterrence, Nunn-Lugar Program

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