This is a list, with end-note documentation, of 53 people in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament who are strongly identified in published inscriptions of known authenticity, in most instances from during or quite close to their lifetimes. It includes people from ancient Egypt, Moab, Aram-Damascus, the northern kingdom of Israel, the southern kingdom of Judah, Assyria, Babylonia, and Persia.
The intent is to include only well-grounded, strong identifications that can be trusted.
Mykytiuk's publications firmly reject the haphazard, "flying by the seat of the pants" approach of numerous online lists which are created without explicit criteria or by suspect use of ad hoc criteria, all of which easily produce results that are desired but often questionable at best, or in some instances based on forgeries, rather than winnowed by rigorous critique.
The list is the result of applying the protocols and identification criteria established in Mykytiuk’s published dissertation, Identifying Biblical Persons in Northwest Semitic Inscriptions of 1200‒539 B.C.E. (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2004), as amended by his article, “Corrections and Updates to [that title],” Maarav 16.1 (2009): 49–132. The identification protocols, criteria, and some early results are summarized and further updated in his book chapter, "Sixteen Strong Identifications of Biblical Persons (Plus Nine Other Identifications) in Authentic Northwest Semitic Inscriptions from before 539 B.C.E.," in Meir Lubetski and Edith Lubetski, eds., New Inscriptions and Seals Relating to the Biblical World (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2012), 35-58.z
ancient Israel, biblical archaeology, biblical historicity, historical reliability, people in the Bible
Date of this Version
Lawrence Mykytiuk, "53 People in the [Hebrew] Bible Confirmed Archaeologically," Bible History Daily (blog), Biblical Archaeology Society, April 12, 2017, https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/people-cultures-in-the-bible/people-in-the-bible/50-people-in-the-bible-confirmed-archaeologically/.