Problems such as the complete inventory of the resources of the globe, the preservation of scarce resources and their rational utilization can only be solved today on an international level. There exists a worldwide concern for development which is preferably conceived in terms of global economic stability and steady rate of growth. There also exists a worldwide concern for technology transfer, a principal process by which the emerging nations try to improve their conditions.

International agencies such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD or World Bank) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), directly involved in seeking solutions to those problems, are using remote sensing systems in development projects which they finance every year around the world.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the various factors which are making these techniques of increasing interest for the international development organizations, to assess their advantages and limitations in development projects, and to look at their future roles in the activities of these agencies.

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