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culvert, rehabilitation, maintenance, safety, lining, environment, water quality


Millions of miles of existing U.S. storm water culverts are critical for roadway safety but much of this infrastructure requires repair. State departments of transportation (DOT) are increasingly choosing to rehabilitate culverts with spray-on and cured-in-place pipe (CIPP) lining processes. These culvert lining practices involve the manufacture of a new plastic liner inside a damaged culvert. DOTs are selecting these outdoor plastic manufacturing methods partly to avoid open-trench excavation, which can cause traffic disruption and work zone traffic safety issues. This study was conducted to better understand current knowledge about culvert lining caused environmental contamination, final product quality, and recommend improved construction specifications, project oversight, and testing requirements to limit undesirable consequences. Literature reviews, a survey of construction specifications and special provisions for 32 transportation agencies, as well as field- and bench-scale testing for CIPP projects in California, New York, and Virginia, were completed. During this project, the safety of workers, transportation agency employees, and the general public at lining installation sites, was raised as a concern by state and federal agencies. Due to previously unreported hazards which were encountered at multiple CIPP field sites, the provision of worksite safety recommendations for DOTs was added to this study. Recommendations are provided for spray-on lining and CIPP lining culvert repair projects that can (1) limit environmental contamination, (2) improve worksite safety, and (3) aid DOTs in better understanding the quality of their new liners.