Adequate friction resistance is needed to prevent pavement slipperiness allowing vehicles to stop in a reasonable distance. For stone mastic asphalt surfaces, friction resistance is mainly a function of the interaction between the aggregates exposed at the road surface and vehicle tires. Aggregate performance is reduced with time by wear and polishing as a consequence of vehicular traffic. In this research a method to investigate performance based on physical, chemical and petrographic factors has been evaluated. The objective was to develop a laboratory method to test Indiana dolomite, limestone, sandstone, and gravel aggregates to predict friction resistance in the field and determine causes for the range of values among these aggregates. Assessment of gravel sources was based on individual rock types and their proportions comprising the gravel. Initial friction Values (IFV) and Polished Values (PV) were determined in the laboratory with the British Wheel and Pendulum test and field values obtained from the towed friction trailer. For two laboratories involved a significant difference in IFV and PV was obtained so that further verification is required. Correlations between parameters were established which provide predictions of friction resistance based on laboratory specimens. A database of physical and chemical properties should be collected on aggregates used or considered for bituminous wearing courses. This includes the testing required for Class A aggregates plus elemental Mg and elemental Ca content.

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The current file was uploaded on November 30, 2018. This file contains figures and tables missing from the file originally submitted. Figures 5-3 and 5-4 remain missing and are not available.


bituminous surfaces, friction resistance, dolomite, limestone, SPR-2206

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Joint Transportation Research Program

Publisher Place

West Lafayette, IN

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